The Black RhinoBy Jessica Galloway - 16695704

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The rhino is the biggest land living mammals without looking at the elephant. There is five Rhino species, three in Asia and two in Africa. Two types of rhino found in Africa, the white rhino and the black rhino. The black rhino or better known as the hooked- lipped rhino, from Africa has two nose horns and a long upper lip. The rhino has three toes on each foot, and is therefore odd toed. It has a thick, hairless, grey hide. Both the black and white rhino have two horns, the longer horn one find at the front of the nose. The Rhino’s front horn grows up to 135cm long, and its second, smaller, horn grows up to 46cm. The size of a rhino is about 60 inches at the shoulder and weigh up to 1 to 1,5 tons. A rhino cow gives birth to one calf after a period of fifteen to eighteen months; the cow gives birth to a calf every two to five years. After a period of 2-4 years the baby rhino can start living on its own. The average age for a rhino to reproduce is between the ages 4-9 years. A rhino can live up to 45 years.3.jpg

The habitat and diet:2.jpg
One can find the rhino in the grassland and open savannahs; they have various habitats, but mainly areas with dense, woody vegetation. Black rhinos like to bay in shallow water holes. The water may help the rhino cool, while the mud may help to protect and form a layer against biting flies. Black rhinos use their lips to reach and tear the leaves and other plant-like material. Rhinos need fresh drinking water and will not be far from water sources.It eats a large variety of vegetation, including leaves, buds and shoots of plants, bushes and trees. Rhinos live in home ranges that sometimes overlap with each other. Feeding grounds, water holes and wallows may be shared. They are migratory animals and their home range overlap. Although territorial males probably, they will other subordinate males in their territories tolerate. Females usually stay alone with her calves.
The rhino on attack
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Rhinos are also rather ill-tempered and have become more so in areas where they have been constantly disturbed. The black rhino is unpredictable and can be dangerous. They have very good eyes, but an excellent sense of smell and theirhearing is very good. A black rhino has a speed of 45 km / h when they run. When attacking, the rhino lowers its head, snorts, breaks into a gallop reaching its speed, and gores or strikes powerful blows with its horns. Still, for all its bulk, the rhino is very agile and can quickly turn in a small space. Most attacks are only meant to scare the enemy and the black rhino can seriously harm when they do attack.
The rhino’s horn.
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The Rhino’s front horn grows up to 135cm long, and its second, smaller, horn grows up to 46cm. The black rhino's horn is an extremely popular traditional medicine in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore and as an ornamental in North Africa and the Middle East. The demand for black rhino's horn is so great that an estimated 90% of all black rhino deaths due to poaching for the horn.
Something interesting:
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The rhino appears on the South African R10 note,
it is a green note and the rhino is one of the big five.






The sound of the rhino:



The Rhino Song: